I am not any kind of a engineer..but this might help.
What is an STC Rating?
STC stands for Sound Transmission Class.
Basically, STC ratings are an established way to average how much sound is stopped by something. STC ratings are used for windows, doors, walls and most building materials. For windows, STC ratings range from 18 to 50.
STC ratings are the ONLY way to accurately compare various noise reduction products. An STC rating is an instrument measurement of how much noise is stopped. The STC ratings allow accurate 'apple to apple' comparisons.
The STC rating is the average amount of noise stopped at 18 different frequencies, measured in decibels. STC ratings are a logarithmic scale similar to the earthquake Richter Scale, which means each number is significantly higher than the one before.
What STC Ratings do Windows Have?
For single pane windows, the STC Rating is most likely between 20 and 27. The difference is the glass thickness and how air-tight the window is. Louvered windows can be less than STC rating 18 in many cases.
STC Rating Values, Noise Reduction
The table below shows typical window STC rating values for single pane windows and dual pane windows, and the resulting STC rating when Soundproof Windows are installed over both single pane windows and dual pane windows.
Window Glass Normal STC Range Typical Value
Single pane glass 25-28 27
Dual pane glass 28-35 30
Soundproof Window over a single pane window 41-46 42
Soundproof Window over a dual pane window 41-53 46
The STC Ratings for double paned windows usually vary from 28 to 35. Most have good air seals, but the variation is due to the glass thickness and the amount of air space between the glass. The bigger air space and thicker glass is preferred.
Soundproof Windows range from 41 to 51 (with more possible), which varies depending on the existing window and the air space. Over a single-paned window in a standard wall, the STC rating is 41. Over double paned windows, the STC rating is 45 or more. With increases of air space, figures greater than 50 are easily achieved.
Why the STC Rating Numbers are so Close in Value
STC rating measurement uses a special scale like the Richter Scale for earthquakes. An increase from 28 to 38 means 90% of the noise is reduced. A change from 28 to 43 represents a noise reduction of over 95%. Small increases can mean a lot of extra noise reduction. The increase from 38 to 43 mentioned above does not sound like much (90% versus 95+% in reductions) - but going from 90% to over 95% means that 60% of the remaining noise was removed; every number represents a large amount of noise.
Use of STC for Noise Reduction Comparisons
Using STC ratings bases noise on measurable facts, not opinions. The higher the STC, the more sound is stopped; each point is significant and important.
Dual Pane Windows will not Stop Noise
When good, thick dual pane windows rated at STC 35 are installed (replaced existing single pane windows with STC 27), the sound will not be reduced much.
Often, until the STC rating is up in the 40's, the noise is not reduced enough to stop it from being a significant problem. The human ear becomes more sensitive to sound as the volume reduces, so in many cases, more significant noise reductions are necessary to resolve the problem.
100% Noise Reduction?
While Soundproof Windows cannot elminate 100% of the noise, it will be reduced very significantly. Less noise will be coming through the Soundproof Windows than the walls in many cases. Most walls are an STC 42-43: Soundproof Windows usually have an STC rating of 41-45. Several things can be done to increase the STC rating even more.
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